Fenugreek (Trigonella foenum) is a one-year-old plant belonging to the family Fabaceae (Leguminosae, Legumes). It is also known by the names dungeon, chime and tilcec.
The herb comes from the Mediterranean region and from Asia. It is one of the most famous ancient medicinal plants. The use of seeds dates back to the time of ancient Egypt and India. Local residents used it to facilitate birth and stimulate lactation. Fenugreek seeds have been found in Tutankhamen’s tomb. Later, they become the most popular spice.
Usable part of fenugreek:
- seeds – in pharmacy and medicine;
- leaves – in culinary;
Chemical composition of fenugreek
- mucous substances (about 30%); saponins (thyogen), lecithin, bitter substances, water, proteins, fat, carbohydrates, dietary fiber, trace elements – potassium, phosphorus, iron, magnesium, sodium, calcium, zinc, vitamins – A, B1, B2, B6, C, niacin, trimethylamine and betaine, an energy value of 100 grams – 39 kilocalories.
Use of fenugreek
Fenugreek is used in herbal medicine, especially in North Africa, the Middle East and India. It has a wide range of medical applications. The seeds stimulate the whole body and improve organ function. In addition, the plant is also used as a spice that improves the flavor and flavor of the food. A yellow dye is obtained from the seeds, which is used to color the fibers.
- Disposal of cholesterol (due to tygogen);
- lowers blood sugar;
- improves metabolism and appetite;
- tonic action;
- stimulates body weight gain;
- antitumor action – fenugreek seeds inhibit the carcinogenesis of tumorous colon and duodenal tumors. This effect is due to the content of saponins, flavonoids;
- analgesic – studies show that this effect of the plant can be compared to that of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs;
- laxative effect;
- lowers blood sugar levels;
- stimulates sweating;
- antibacterial studies have demonstrated the activity of fenugreek against Helicobacter pylori. The herb inhibits the growth of bacteria and prevents their adhesion;
- antioxidant action – the plant inhibits lipid peroxidation, which is a key phenomenon for the development of atherosclerosis;
- hepatoprotective effect;
- lowers blood sugar levels;
- stimulates lactation;
- increases testosterone levels.
Diseases and conditions in which fenugreek is administered: against diabetes, against impotence, in case of fatigue and chronic fatigue, against spleen diseases, in case of gout, rheumatism, anorexia, cancer, constipation, brains and other epithelial neoplasms, atherosclerosis, insulin resistance, abdominal pain, bronchitis, meteorism, decreased libido, colds and flu, sore throat, gastritis, dysmenorrhoea, polycystic ovaries, wounds, dandruff, furunculi, cellulite.
Essential oil of fenugreek
Fenugreek essential oil is extracted from the seeds by steam distillation. It has a yellow or brown color and a powerful aroma with bitter tones. Contains cadinol, volatile organic compounds, healthy fatty acids, microelements. This composition determines the multiple health benefits of the oil. It is a true ally in the fight against acne. Massage in combination with base oil on affected areas helps reduce inflammation and redness, relieve swelling and pain. In addition, fenugreek oil helps to reduce black spots. There is also a beneficial effect in the treatment of furunculus. Its anti-inflammatory effect makes it suitable for massaging the whole body. Aromatherapy and inhalation with a diffuser help to excrete the mucus collected in the lungs. To do this, put 4-5 drops of aroma pad or evaporator. The aroma of the oil lowers blood pressure and helps in the treatment and prevention of cardiovascular diseases. It is also useful for people suffering from diabetes and kidney disease. Essential oil of fenugreek is added to cosmetics and even to various dishes.